Compliance means fulfilling / conforming to certain standard, rule , regulation, policies, SOP’s or goals set out by organization. It can be:
- National legal requirement
- International legal requirement
- Customer Requirement
- Certification requirements
- Internal Policies, procedures, guidelines
So, in this article we are going to list down compliance requirement in the Apparel & Footwear sector.
Due to Lack of Compliance, what can happen, You can read it here:
Categories of Compliance:
There are different types of compliance’s that are required from a textile unit to fulfill. Types of compliance with their brief introduction are as follows:
1.Social /Labor Compliance:
This is the type of compliance where you are required to fulfill labor law requirement as required by National labor Law or ILO and some best practice requirements by customer. It covers:
- Payment issues
- Working Hours
- Working Environment
- Disciplinary practices
- Labor Practices
In this type of compliance you are asked to fulfill Occupation, health and safety requirements. It can Standards set out by local authorities or standards made by customer. Customers can also ask you to fulfill different international standard e.g. OSHAS etc. It covers:
- Fire Safety
- Machine Safety
- Electrical Safety
- Physical/biological Hazards
Read More here: How Lean Manufacturing System can improve EHS
Here a factory have to comply with Environmental requirements that can be local or international or requirements set out by customer. Environmental Compliance covers:
- How you manage waste of your facility?
- You have environment permit or not?
- What is the impact of your activities / processes?
- How you manage your processes/activities to make it environment friendly
4.Product Quality Compliance:
Product quality is a very important compliance area. This is where there is zero tolerance. If a product is not a quality product then you won’t get the customer. In Product quality compliance, we consider:
- How a company manages its products?
- How a quality product is ensured?
- What are the faults?
- How the defects are removed?
- How material is handled?
This compliance is mostly applicable on export oriented industries. This compliance arises due to terrorism and customer data protection issues. It will include:
- Who have access to certain areas?
- Who have access to data/files?
- How products are packed?
- How some areas are access restricted?
- How site security is ensured?
- How product design security is ensured?
6.Structural / Building Compliance:
After collapse of Rana Plaza in Bangladesh, international brands have now been trying to make sure that this does not happen again. Brands are conducting building assessment.
- What is the strength of building?
- What is the load capacity of the building?
- What are defect in the building?
- How building can be made safe?
There can be different types of certification e.g. Management system certification, social, environmental, quality, safety certification against different standards e.g ISO standards, BSCI, SMETA etc. there might be some special requirements of these certifications depending on standards e.g. how documents are managed etc.
Conformance with these requirements depending on their applicability is compulsory. If some requirement is not meet, it leads to Non-Conformance or Non- Compliance.
If there is any serious non-compliance then:
- Customer can stop business
- Legal authority can seal the company
- Certification body can cancel certification