Tag: Climate change

Climate Change: Some Facts and Solutions

Climate Change - There is no Planet B
Photo by Bob Blob on Unsplash

Climate change is a major environmental issue. The world is facing climate change level where there is no point of return. This article highlights few facts about climate change and few solutions.

Facts:

Few facts about climate change are as follows:

  • Two hundred & eighty six billion (286,000,000,000) tons of ice is being lost every year in the areas of Greenland and Antarctica
  • There have been a reduction in the snow cover in the northern hemisphere in last five decades
  • There has been an increase  of eight inches (8 in) in the global sea level
  • The frequency of extreme weather events i.e. flooding, hurricanes, tornadoes have been on increase.
  • There has been an increase of ocean acidity by thirty percent (30%)
  • The temperature of upper twenty three hundred (2300) feet of ocean have been raised by 0.4 degree Fahrenheit (°F)
  • There has been an increase of 1.6 degree increase in temperature of earth atmosphere due to the continuously increasing level of greenhouse gases.
  • Since 2010, there have been five (5) warmest years on record. 2019 as well have been the warmest year. Germany have faced historic high temperature.
  • The present-day warming trend on the earth is ten times greater than the past warming trends recorded at the end of an ice age.
  • In the Himalayan a glacial retreat mountains have been observed by the scientist
  • The intensity and frequency of wildfires have been on increase globally. Amazon rain forest have been burning since 3 weeks up-till now.
  • The Indonesian capital city is being moved because it was sinking due to the ever increasing sea levels.
  • In last forty year, sixty percent (60%) drop in wild life have been observed.
  • The carbon emissions have been increasing on our planet since 2011.
  • Tropical forest are facing destruction continuously due to anthropogenic activities
  • It is has been estimated by scientists that there are ninety-five percent (95%) chances that climate change is due to anthropogenic activities.

Read: Climate Change and Sustainable Development

Solutions:

According to scientist climate change can be slowed down to it natural level. Level where everyone gets a chance to adopt to the changing environments. Few of the solutions that you as an individual can adopt to help control climate change are as follows:

  • Use public transport instead of using your own cars all the time
  • Switch your vehicle to environment friendly fuels e.g.  electric or hybrid vehicles
  • Invest in the renewable energy e.g wind , solar, biogas, geothermal etc.
  • Encourage legislation which discourages the use of fossil fuels.
  • Use energy efficient lights, fans, AC invertors and decrease energy losses in the house
  • Garments can be washed in cold water instead of hot water to save energy.
  • Basic food/vegetables can be grown in your own house (roof gardening)
  • Plant trees and also encourage other to plant more and more trees
  • Buy local items
  • Buy garments, which are more sustainable.

We as individuals needs to do more and change our pattern of life so that we can protect the planet for ourselves and our future generations.

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Climate Change and Sustainable Development

Climate Change, barren Land
barren land

Introduction

Climate change is the most alarming and threatening issue in the present age.it is the biggest challenge we are facing right now. Many publishers observed that due to the climate change several factors are changed in the surrounding environment e.g.:

  • Rain fall pattern
  • Temperature
  • Humidity
  • Seasonal changes
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These changes in the environmental conditions cause different types of impacts on environment e.g.

  • Extreme Events
  • Droughts
  • Rise in Temperature
  • Sea level Rise
  • Food insecurity
  • Loss of biodiversity
  • Water insecurity
  • Ocean acidification
  • Coastal flooding
  • Health Risks

Sustainable development is the concept that ensures balanced relations between its three pillars, economy, society and environment. It is the type of progress that fulfills the needs and requirements of the present generation without overlooking the needs of the future generations

Link between Sustainable Development and Climate Change effects:

If we look into history, the policies and science has always influenced the concepts about development. The continues degradation of environmental quality, the boosted population and increased rate of consumption of natural resources, usages of energy, and other living standards has motivated a lot of centuries to formulate their own legal frameworks as follows:

  • Development Water and air quality standards
  • Hazardous Waste Management
  • Regulatory changes
  • Natural resource efficiency

To beat climate change at the global level there were different laws, plans, policies were formulated e.g

  • Agenda 21
  • Rio summit

The impact of climate changes is adverse and if they are responded with ill design it could even derail the current policies on sustainable development goals and may effects goals already have been achieved. They climate change effects a lot of sectors e.g. agriculture, forestry, energy, coastal areas, and may cause challenges for the governance. For example, climate change effects on environmental resources and systems can paralyses the sustainable development of the natural system. The impacts of climate change can be seen in sustainable development in all regions of the world but the countries/regions with low adaptiveness suffer the most. Different publication reveals that climate change will make the unsustainable and unjust growth of society and make it more vulnerable to environmental degradation.

The prominent effects of climate change relevant to sustainable development are as follows:

  • Ecosystem services losses
  • Challenges in land management
  • Challenges in water management
  • Human health effects
  • Prices increase in the food markets
  • Increased Risks of flooding
  • Food insecurity
  • Risks to infrastructure due to extreme events
  • Biodiversity losses

Globally the above mentioned risks vary depending on the scale of climate change and local social and economic variances. Some ecosystems are temperature sensitive, even if there is a little change in the global mean temperature, they got effected heavily. Many of the climate change responses and sustainable development systems often overlap and the sustainable development systems are better designed and planed so, they are preferred.

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Climate Change Mitigation, Adaptation and Sustainable development

As the climate change is among the most prominent issues of mankind in 21st century the world has agreed to tackle it for the sustainable development. It is very important to understand the past experiences and current innovation efforts so that we can take effective and efficient action to tackle this issue. It can be addressed through mitigation strategies as well as by improving the ways by which societal and economic systems work to adopt to the climate change effects.

For this purpose, IPCC has developed 17 Sustainable development goals that are universal and have a common vision of progressing the world towards a safer and sustainable environment for the whole mankind.

UN Sustainable Development Goals
UN Sustainable Development Goals

The mitigation and adaptation measures of climate change can produce oppurtunieties for the sustainable development if they are planned and executed properly. The strategy for climate change mitigation and sustainable development are highly interactive. The climate change adaption and mitigation measures both have the likely strong chance of contribution to the sustainable development as well as the sustainable development measures and choices have possibility of contribution to climate change mitigation and adaptation.  These action/measures may trade off with each other during the implementations

Climate Change and Sustainable Development in Pakistan

Pakistan is Specially susceptible to climate change because it has a hot climate; it is located in a geographical area where the increase in temperature is expected to be higher than the world average Their rivers are fed mainly by Hindu Kush-Karakoram glaciers of the Himalayas, which retreat quickly due to global warming; its economy is largely agricultural and, therefore, very sensitive to climate; and because the country has an increasing risk of varying the rain, causing large floods and long droughts. All these factors are influenced by water safety, flood safety and the security of the country’s energy supply. To compound these problems, the coastal areas and the Indus Delta region are expected to face increased risk due to sea level rise, coastal erosion, seawater intrusion and flooding. Increase of the cyclone effect in the sea. The delta region is influenced not only by local climatic conditions, but also by meteorological actions due to the climatic conditions of the Indus and the seas in the south.

 Adaptation has already begun to address vulnerabilities related to climate change in humans health, coastal areas, infrastructure and food security. Resilience to most Asian areas on a scale change is very bad. Extending irrigation is difficult and costly in many countries. In Asia developing countries, climate change is only one of the problematic problems, such as hunger, water and pollution, and energy. Available resources adaptation to the climate is limited. Adaptation activities are closely related to development, which should be taken into account in the assessment of adaptation options. The challenge for Pakistan is to find opportunities for sustainable development with its strategies which make climate-sensitive areas flexible for climate change.

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Recommendations

  • Natural resources efficiency
  • R&D for renewable resource development
  • Development of effective
  • Reducing the usage of fossil fuels
  • Reducing environmental degradation

Further read on what else a person can do to help save environment

What Can You do as an Individual to Save Environment

Daily reports on pollution and climate change are worrisome and it also highlights the ways through which humans are themselves destroying their only habitat. If we look at the situation one may think that we can do anything right now or what can someone do as an individual. There is also a controversy on “climate change is not real”.

While that’s where we are totally wrong. To bring huge changes, yes governments needs to be involved but as an individual person, everyone can do a lot to save the environment. There are a lot of environment friendly moves someone can take to preserve the environment. Being eco friendly / living a life centered on saving the environment is also good for wallet.

There are variety of area where you can take steps to reduce your environmental impact. Below is the areas where you can do a lot to help environment. Don’t forget to comment at the end of the article to help us understand “how you are contributing to help save the planet?”

“An Eco friendly life style is a Healthy life style”

  • Try to maximize usage of day light
  • Turn off all unnecessary lighting in your home, office, shop
  • Go on foot
  • Use bicycle instead of bike ( insignificant environmental  impact )
  • Use local transport instead of personal vehicle (low environmental impact)
  • Travel together
  • Use online platforms for meeting
  • Use energy efficient lighting and other equipment’s
  • Keep your AC at 26 oC
  • Shop virtually  (don’t have to travel to store using fuels based vehicle – saving environment)
  • Buy garments, shoes or accessories made in Eco friendly manufacturing system
  • If it’s cotton garment, then look for organic cotton tag
  • Look for garments made from recycled raw material
  • Order what as much as you eat
  • Take as much as you can eat (specially on public events, seminar, weddings)
  • Try to avoid wasting food items
  • Donate the extra food
  • Save water
  • Understand the expiry date of food stuff and manage it accordingly
  •  Take the extra food home
  • Try to create compost piles (can be used in kitchen gardening, roof gardening)
  • Avoid food packing’s
  • Try to buy items with less packing
  • Buy items with recycled packaging material
  • Carry around your own cup, don’t use plastic cups
  • If you are taking food away home, ask the restaurant, not to pack plastic utensils with it.
  • Reuse items
  • Eat local items (avoids traveling – saves environment)
  • Buy locally
  • Grow your own garden
  • Whenever you buy anything keep environment in your mind
  • Bring your own bag for shopping
  • Use non-toxic cleaning agent (eco friendly)
  • Say good bye to bottles (don’t buy new bottle, you can use a BPA Free plastic bottle or a glass bottle)
  • Take care of tree / plant more trees

Read more here on UN Alliance for Sustainable Fashion

“Tags contain a lot of information regarding manufacturing of products, so pay attention to labels and buy environment friendly products.

Environment Friendly products would mean that the manufacturer has taken care of all environmental issues during the manufacturing process of their products (e.g. less waste, less chemicals, less pollution etc.)”

Read more here on How Plastic is killing the Marine Life

So act, do, use and buy Environment Friendly