Graduates with Majors in Environmental Studies either its
environmental Sciences or Environmental Engineering study a variety of tops
during their studies enabling them to choose from a multiple options of
professions. During studies, environmental studies graduates are gain complex
skills in biology, chemistry, geology, physics, engineering, so that they can
solve problems through interpretation of research. During working on
environmental issues your creativity will be tapped as you design environmental
Ultimately the career of a person depends on the interests, skills and values that they can bring and for environmental studies graduates passion for sustainability, nature conservation, ecology, global warming, climate change, water, air and ocean pollution etc. will be helpful.
Below are some careers where environmental studies graduates can work
Environmental Management Representative:
All kinds of organization (manufacturing industries,
construction companies etc.) hire environmentalist to represent them at all
level. Environmentalist have to
Develop Environmental Policy for the Organization
Develop and manage Environmental Management System
Keep track of all environmental issues
Manage and reduce environmental impact organizations activities
Guide management on all environmental topic
Train the work force
Continuously improve the Environmental performance of
The title of job/designation may vary depending on
organizations, it could be:
As Environmental Consultant you can either work
as a freelancer or in some environmental consulting firm.an Environmental
Consultant should have basic awareness of all environmental issues in all
sectors. Service of Environmental Consultants are mostly acquired when projects
are in their initial planning stages. As Environmental Consultant you are
Help organization obtain Environmental
Conduct environmental assessment that can help
organizations to mitigation not only current but also future impact on soil,
water, air, wild life in the area.
Identify area alternatives for project if a
project has some serious issues in proposed area
In this job Environmentalist can discover/improve their research, writing and presentation skills.
compliance officer, environmentalist have to take care of all legal/standard requirement
that an organization have to fulfill. As Compliance officer, you will be
Ensure that all legal requirements are being met
Ensure that all customer requirements are being met
Develop internal environmental policies or standard
As an auditor you will have to conduct audit of whatever you are assigned to do so (depend of audit scope).
Ethical Trade Executive
Here you are supposed to conduct audits based
on Ethical Trade initiative requirements.
Conducts audit of:
Third party standards
As environmental studies graduates gain
skills, so they can serve as educator as well. with daily facing Environmental
issues, it has become necessary to awareness about environmental issues and importance
of environmental conservation. Initially environmental studies was a subject at
university level but now it has become part of college and school level
education as well.
So to teach these subject, subject specialists are required and here environmentalists can do their part.
To be an environmental lawyer, one has to have degree in Environmental law. As environmental lawyer, you will focus on cases based on Environmental issues. Here you will have to do research and present scientific evidence. You can also work with government to develop environmental policies and plans.
As sustainability coordinator you will be assessing the impact of organization and provide remediation measures. You will also participate in organizations planning process. You will prepare a sustainability report and communicate it at different levels. You will develop proposal with cost benefit analysis for environment conservation.
Environment, Health and Safety coordinator:
In this position you will be working to ensure that work
environment is safe and healthy for the workers. You will be
Conducting risk assessments
Planning control measures
Training workers on EHS
Your post might vary from organization
to organization e.g. EHS/SHE/HSE office/manager/ director etc.
Except all of above, environmentalist can also work on below
Green Building Engineer
Green Energy Specialist
ETP (Effluent Treatment Plant) operator/manager
Fund raiser for NGO
Natural resource conservation officer
Waste management officer
Scientist (water/air quality)
Supply chain analyst
Occupational health and safety specialist
Some of these jobs might require extra degrees, courses or certifications. E.g. to an ISO auditor one will have to be ISO certified (ISO 14001 EMS, 45001 OHS MS, ISO 50001 EnMS).
Small and medium enterprises or even larger organization treat health and safety inspections as dreadful comprehensive rules and if there is a smallest violation/non compliance, business might get sanctions/restrictions etc. at the same time, without any doubt there are certain reasons to pay attention to workplace safety.
In 2013, 1134 people were killed and another 2500 got injured in Rana Plaza Incident in Bangladesh. Similarly in 2015, it is estimated that each week 93 individuals got killed on job and 3% of them had been seriously harmed or got sick. By conducting a proper investigation it was found that most of these deaths and injuries were preventable
Workplace safety programs have been in place since long and safety professionals have been monitoring and managing it, but there was more needed to control the incidents.
Workers Consultation Programs:
It is human nature to get involved in things and have a say in something and workers are no different. Humans intend to cooperate and willingly get involved more if they consider that their voice is being heard and taken into consideration.
Workers are the once,, who are involved in workplace most of their time and they have the most know how of the operations, hazards from them and how it can be controlled without disturbing the operation. This type of understanding and knowledge of hazards might not be considered in any controls or training conducted by management so it can be utilized somehow to contribute positively.
Adopted by multiple customers, this is a free and voluntary consultation program that is designed to assist organization to identify and mitigate the workplace hazards causing reduction in serious injuries and deaths related to workplace hazards.
reports on pollution and climate change are worrisome and it also highlights
the ways through which humans are themselves destroying their only habitat. If we
look at the situation one may think that we can do anything right now or what
can someone do as an individual. There is also a controversy on “climate change
is not real”.
While that’s where we are totally wrong. To bring huge changes, yes governments needs to be involved but as an individual person, everyone can do a lot to save the environment. There are a lot of environment friendly moves someone can take to preserve the environment. Being eco friendly / living a life centered on saving the environment is also good for wallet.
There are variety of area where you can take steps to reduce your environmental impact. Below is the areas where you can do a lot to help environment. Don’t forget to comment at the end of the article to help us understand “how you are contributing to help save the planet?”
“An Eco friendly life style is a Healthy life style”
Try to maximize usage of day light
Turn off all unnecessary lighting in your home, office, shop
Go on foot
Use bicycle instead of bike ( insignificant environmental impact )
Use local transport instead of personal vehicle (low environmental impact)
Use online platforms for meeting
Use energy efficient lighting and other equipment’s
Keep your AC at 26 oC
Shop virtually (don’t have to travel to store using fuels based vehicle – saving environment)
Buy garments, shoes or accessories made in Eco friendly manufacturing system
If it’s cotton garment, then look for organic cotton tag
Look for garments made from recycled raw material
Order what as much as you eat
Take as much as you can eat (specially on public events, seminar, weddings)
Try to avoid wasting food items
Donate the extra food
Understand the expiry date of food stuff and manage it accordingly
Take the extra food home
Try to create compost piles (can be used in kitchen gardening, roof gardening)
Avoid food packing’s
Try to buy items with less packing
Buy items with recycled packaging material
Carry around your own cup, don’t use plastic cups
If you are taking food away home, ask the restaurant, not to pack plastic utensils with it.
Eat local items (avoids traveling – saves environment)
Grow your own garden
Whenever you buy anything keep environment in your mind
Bring your own bag for shopping
Use non-toxic cleaning agent (eco friendly)
Say good bye to bottles (don’t buy new bottle, you can use a BPA Free plastic bottle or a glass bottle)
contain a lot of information regarding manufacturing of products, so pay
attention to labels and buy environment friendly products.
Environment Friendly products would mean that the manufacturer has taken care of all environmental issues during the manufacturing process of their products (e.g. less waste, less chemicals, less pollution etc.)”
There are different types of compliance’s that are required from a textile unit to fulfill. Types of compliance with their brief introduction are as follows:
1.Social /Labor Compliance:
This is the type of compliance where
you are required to fulfill labor law requirement as required by National labor
Law or ILO and some best practice requirements by customer. It covers:
In this type of compliance you are
asked to fulfill Occupation, health and safety requirements. It can Standards
set out by local authorities or standards made by customer. Customers can also
ask you to fulfill different international standard e.g. OSHAS etc. It covers:
Here a factory have to comply with
Environmental requirements that can be local or international or requirements
set out by customer. Environmental Compliance covers:
How you manage waste of your
You have environment permit or not?
What is the impact of your activities
How you manage your processes/activities
to make it environment friendly
4.Product Quality Compliance:
Product quality is a very important compliance
area. This is where there is zero tolerance. If a product is not a quality
product then you won’t get the customer. In Product quality compliance, we
How a company manages its products?
How a quality product is ensured?
What are the faults?
How the defects are removed?
How material is handled?
This compliance is mostly applicable
on export oriented industries. This compliance arises due to terrorism and
customer data protection issues. It will include:
Who have access to certain areas?
Who have access to data/files?
How products are packed?
How some areas are access restricted?
How site security is ensured?
How product design security is
6.Structural / Building Compliance:
After collapse of Rana Plaza in
Bangladesh, international brands have now been trying to make sure that this
does not happen again. Brands are conducting building assessment.
What is the strength of building?
What is the load capacity of the
What are defect in the building?
How building can be made safe?
There can be different types of
certification e.g. Management system certification, social, environmental,
quality, safety certification against different standards e.g ISO standards,
BSCI, SMETA etc. there might be some special requirements of these
certifications depending on standards e.g. how documents are managed etc.
Conformance with these requirements depending on their applicability is compulsory. If some requirement is not meet, it leads to Non-Conformance or Non- Compliance.
On 24 April 2013, rana plaza in Savar housing, Dhaka collapsed killing 1,134 and injuring more than 2500 people ( different source mentions different number of deaths and injured). This building had done illegal extension of floor reaching 9 floors. There were Five garment factories, shops, banks in this plaza.
The factories in this plaza were producing garments for international brands i.e. Inditex (ZARA), Carrefour, H & M, Gap, Mango, C & A, Joe Fresh, Walmart etc. Brands didn’t took responsibility for unsafe condition in the factories.
Under pressure from public brands paid 30 Million dollars and had to come up with two watchdogs:
Even after 6 years the survivors have not been fully compensated. Transparency International Bangladesh found our that 51% of the survivors are still jobless and most of them have not been paid any type of compensation.
Now the survivors are on hunger strike and have 11 demands some of the demands are as follows::
Taking steps for the rehabilitation of the survivors
Providing medical services to them for life
Announcing 24 April as the National Rana Plaza Mourning Day
Bearing the education expenses of the victims’ children
Ensuring highest punishment of those responsible for the tragedy and confiscating their assets.
6 Years have passed but the people responsible for the accident have not been prosecuted as of yet. Sohel Rana, the owner of the factory with other responsible persons are on Bail. Sohel Rana was convicted on hidding his assets but not on killing.
Even after such incident, Bangladeshi are still struggling for their basic rights. Recently hundreds of Garments workers were fired just for demanding rise in basic pay.
Bangladesh Govt., International brands, NGOs need to do more for provision of Bangladesh Garment workers rights.
On 21st March, 2019, around 15:00 an explosion occurred in Jiangsu Tianjiayi Chemical Plant. Some take away points from this Environmental Disaster are as follows:
This accident killed almost 78 and injured more than 600 people
Cause of this accident is not under investigation
According to one survivor, fire started from a Methane Truck and spread to benzene storage area that caused explosion
It took almost 12 hours to take the fire under control (Fire started on Thursday shapely before 15:00 and at 3:00 am Friday fire fighter controlled it. At 7:00 am, Friday, situation was under control.
Almost 900 Firefighter participated in fire extinguishing process
Explosion caused a mini earthquake with 2.2 range
Due to this explosion glasses of buildings were broken within 5 Km range. There are several residential areas in this 5 km range and
There are three elementary schools and two kindergartens within 2 km of the explosion site
International journalist were blocked from visit the area/Hospitals and anti drone technology was used to stop shoot of the explosion area by news channels. Only few local journalist were allowed to visit the site and hospitals.
Almost 4000 local were evacuated from the area
This chemical plant was fined several times by the regulatory authority for violation of Safety Laws but was allowed to keep operating
Jiangsu environmental protection bureau conducted air quality monitoring of the disaster area and found that levels of benzene , toluene and xylene were not abnormal and chloroform and acetone in disaster area were within limits
There have been consistent disasters like this in china, in 2015 similar blast in Tianjin killed 170 people in southeast of Beijing. According to Greenpeace there is on accident/day in china related to chemical plants. Locals in & around these chemical industries are concerned about their safety but they are even afraid form Chinese authorities, to speak up.